What is Aerodrome?
Built on Coinbase’s Layer 2, Base, which launched on the 9th of August, Aerodrome Finance is a DEX that was launched by Velodrome, one of OP’s most prominent decentralised trading venues with over $120m in TVL. Aerodrome launched towards the end of August on the 28th, acting as a liquidity engine and hub operating within four key steps:
How does it work?
Decentralized exchanges encounter a common challenge where rewards are tied to total liquidity rather than trading volume, which generates fees for the protocol. To address this, solutions like Aerodrome offer a unique approach. They allow AERO token holders to lock their tokens for varying durations, ranging from one week to four years, in exchange for veAERO, a vested AERO token.
The duration of the lock directly impacts the amount of veAERO granted to the user, consequently increasing their influence in governance decisions. This mechanism mirrors the one used by Velodrome.
These locked veAERO tokens are represented as NFTs, which can be freely traded on various NFT marketplaces. This approach enables other users to acquire direct exposure to the ecosystem without the need to purchase tokens, lock them, and manage positions.
Holders of veAERO tokens can actively participate in platform governance, with the added benefit of helping establish reward levels for trading pools on the platform. In return, these voters receive 100% of the fees and incentives generated by the specific pools they've supported.
These innovative features create a self-sustaining cycle of liquidity. Users are drawn to the platform by the allure of rewards, which, in turn, leads to increased AERO token purchases. These active users play a crucial role in shaping the platform by voting on which project tokens to back, expand, and further reward. $veAERO can even be locked by the projects themselves to provide an incentive for voters to vote for them (hence driving more interest toward their liquidity pool/s).
The results of this approach have been promising. Velodrome, the Optimism project, has reported platform revenues exceeding $3m during the beginning of Q3, with $1.30m distributed as fees to VELO holders and users.
Figure 1: Aerodrome Finance Stats, Source: Greythorn Research Team, Data: CoinGecko, DefiLlama
The initial token distribution began with the release of 500M tokens (450M of which were veAERO tokens). Weekly emissions then began at 2% of the initial supply per week, with a 3% increase per week up until the 14th week since release. After this, they will decrease by 1% per week until emissions are below 9M per week. Once this occurs, voters must choose each week whether: a. emissions will decrease by 0.01% of total supply that week; b. emissions will increase by 0.01% of total supply that week; c. emission rates will remain unchanged that week.
Figure 2: Aerodrome Token Emissions, Source: Aerodrome Docs
Figure 3: Aerodrome Tokenomics (Initial), Source: Greythorn Research Team, Data: Aerodrome Medium
BaseSwap is a decentralized exchange (DEX) on Base Chain, designed for the Base community. It focuses on key attributes:
BaseSwap offers a decentralized trading experience, allowing users to trade from their Coinbase wallets while maintaining ownership and control of their assets. The DEX introduces a unique feature: real yield. Users can earn tangible cryptocurrencies using the $BSWAP and $BSX tokens, derived from protocol-generated swap fees. The Smart Order Routing system optimizes trade prices while minimizing gas fees. Operating on Base Chain results in reduced transaction costs compared to other blockchains. The user interface is user-friendly, making token swaps, liquidity provision, and farming participation accessible with a few clicks. BaseSwap serves as a user-centric DEX for the Base community.
Providers earn liquidity tokens as a proportion of the amount of liquidity they have provided to the pool, with providers to new pools earning amount of token A provided amount of token B provided. As of yet, there is no voting system. 、
Figure 4: BaseSwap TVL (Blue), Fees (Yellow) & New Users (Turquoise), Source: DefiLlama
DackieSwap is a decentralised exchange native to Base that similarly allows users to farm, amongst other things. It uses a CLMM (Concentrated Liquidity Market Maker) as opposed to an AMM (Automated Market Maker), allowing users to concentrate their liquidity for certain prices of the tokens. As of yet, there is also no voting system.
Figure 5: DackieSwap TVL (Blue) & Fees (Yellow)), Source: DefiLlama
Figure 6: veAERO stats, Source: Greythorn Research Team, Data: @0xkhmer
Aerodrome functions as a liquidity hub within four key steps: trade, emissions, vote, and rewards. A unique feature allows AERO token holders to lock their tokens for varying durations, creating veAERO, a vested token. This veAERO can be used to vote and actively participate in platform governance. The locked veAERO tokens are represented as NFTs and can be traded on various NFT marketplaces, granting users direct exposure to the ecosystem.
This innovative approach creates a self-sustaining cycle of liquidity, with users drawn by the allure of rewards. The results have been promising, with substantial revenues and fees distributed to VELO holders and users. While competitive DEXs like BaseSwap and DackieSwap exist, Aerodrome boasts the advantages of significant liquidity and favourable yields. With support from Velodrome, the team's reputation is another strength. However, it's important to note the potential challenges, including dependence on rewards, long lock periods, and the need to attract and retain veAERO voters.
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